General Jewish German Connection
31 people from Europe and 29 from USA – 64 overall
Overall all 31% have a personal connection to the Holocaust with 69% not
14 Jewish with majority having a connection to the Holocaust
whilst 5 Germans in the survey all with no personal connection to the holocaust
those who had personal connections with the holocaust 52% were Relatives and 24 % were Family Friends. 24% other
Majority of people believe Historical knowledge of the Holocaust was more important than Remembering Jewish Heritage. (including Jewish people, Jewish heritage ranked 2nd) Same with German Residence
50/50 split on visiting concentration camps, reflective at the overall but also with people with personal connections with the holocaust. 1/3 of jewish people have been. All of German Participants have visited a camp
most people agreed ( and Jewish) that the Camp does not overexpose imagery that trivialise the holocaust and agreed that the camp evokes an emotional response to the visitor. (Germans had divided view on whether imagery trivialised the holocaust) Personal connection had the highest ranking emotional response.
Would you suggest any improvements to the Concentration Camp Tour ?
Majority of the people felt the tours at Auschwitz although informative was rushed and felt much like a tourist attraction.
It very much depends on the particular camp and its location. Many of the photographs on display in Dachau, for example, are very graphic compared to other former camps. In terms of Plaszow, I also think there should be better signage around the site. There are sites in the four corners of the former camp stating the history of the site, but you still see dog walkers, joggers, children running around etc. which I find uncomfortable.
Overall 61% have visited museums , 39% not.
What Main factors should be represented in a memorial/museum
Believe Factual information is the most important and a place for tourist being the least important. Interestingly A place where visitors can experience the history of the Holocaust on their own terms is very low on importance. (in general and personal connection)
For the Jewish community Memorials to the victims is a big factor, A place where visitors can experience the history of the holocaust on their own terms is at the lowest.
German people most think that it should be a place where visitors can experience the history Holocaust on their own terms and Memorials to the victims was ranked the most important with tourist attract being the least
What should Holocaust memorials be like
Majority of the answers to how architecture should be portrayed is simple , respectful and influence by the area represented (personal connection , Germany ).
Jewish community is very much Jewish incline wanting memorials to be like yad vashem Jewish and to honor the memory of those who died.
“Thought provoking & contemporary but not so abstract as to effect comprehension. A lot of memorials suffer because no one knows what they are memorialising. (Germany’s memorial/skate park) is a example of this, also the memorial in Hyde park which is incredibly hard to locate. The museum architecture at Yad Vashem I find particularly powerful as the entrance section on pre war Jewish life is literally hanging on a precipice , and the other end post liberation leaves you looking out over Israel. ”
13 visited Jewish Museum Berlin
Of the German consensus 33% have visited the Jewish Museum Berlin similar percentage of people with personal connections and Jewish Community
Agreed it evokes an emotional response (particularly in Jew) to the visitor and the use of abstraction as a way of defining the holocaust and disagree that the museum overexposes imagery.
There isn’t really enough material on what happened after the camps were liberated (as is the problem with many Holocaust museums). I remember seeing only one photograph of a DP camp, for example.
In your own words how would you describe Germany’s efforts to remember the Holocaust
Conscienous … When I visited Berlin I could not turn a street corner without stu,bling across a memorail dedicated to specific victims of the Nazi regime or an exhibition such as diversity destroyed, topography of terror etc
Admirable. The younger generation had nothing to do with the Holocaust but they are still determined to remember it and reflect on it, and pass the lessons onto future generations.
I don’t know a lot on the subject, but I would say they are doing fairly well in being open about the Holocaust. I did watch a documentary on Auschwitz however where they asked school children aged between 13-18 what they thought about Hitler and the gas chambers, and many of them didn’t know the full extent to what had happened there.
Not very good. Have never seen from the country an apology and now for them to have on the book shelves of their bookshops Mein Kampf is surely bringing back the hatred that some not all have still of the Jewish Race
Germany has done a remarkable job. They are in such a delicate space of having to do this tough thing while still maintaining their own dignity. I commend Germany for what they’ve done. They’ve done it better than others I think.
I personally hate the Germans and wish to say no more.
They only reluctantly remember the Holocaust
German participants believe that Germany are doing a very good jobs at remembering the holocaust whilst the jewish community believe that there is more to be done. In general it was a mix bag. From being recognised what has happened to informing future generations to not coming forwarded and admitted their wrongs