(only research) dont quote: 


The nineteenth century is accepted as the era to find the roots of twentieth
century architecture. In order to prove his assertion, he used analogies between
the buildings from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries; such as Henri
Labrouste‟s Library of St. Geneviève of 1843 and Le Corbusier‟s Cook House
of 192645, or Eiffel‟s Building of Paris Exhibition of 1878 and Gropius‟s
Bauhaus of 192646. However, Giedion doesn‟t forget to mention that the
nineteenth century was still too close to that time to have a sound judgment. If
we question why he had chosen France, the answer would be that Giedion
thought the French played the leading role in the nineteenth century
construction. In addition to that explanation, Giedion claims that „to grasp the
emerging reality and to transform it into a utopia is the opposite method to the
cultural idealism that dominated Germany in the nineteenth century, which
neglected reality in order to pursue emanations of pure spirit‟.47

Along with industry, introduction of mechanically manufactured rolled iron
into architectural construction, Giedion argues, was one of the beginning points
of the new architecture. The characteristics of iron, its high capacity to bear
high stress in most minimal dimensions leads to new laws of design. Those
new materials and new methods introduced to architecture had one
requirement: they should be filtered from aesthetical concerns at first. This
filtering is probably a consequence of the interaction with the Bauhaus again



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