pg 3 – Beatrice makes Dante confront these horrors in order to warn him about the possible consequences of his own erring ways and thereby to encourage him Not up in hell . – From Dante’s medieval dream-vision of Dis, The city of hell.
N.Q – Reminiscent of movies such as A Christmas Carol and the day the earth stood still. relate to dystopian literature in the sense of imagining the worst possible scenario so we make sure not to go down that path
pg 4 – The strategies of Zamiatin, Huxley, and Orwell are also significantly the strategies of warning. As readers we are made to contemplate Zamiatin’s One state, Huxley’s World state, and Orwell’s Oceania, each a hellscape from which the inhabitants can no longer return, so that we realize what the flaws of our own society may lead to for the next generations unless we try to eradicate these flaws today
pg 4 – 1984 – Underlying structure of morality play. Orwell’s Protagonist, a modern Everyman, struggles for his soul against a bad angel; he struggles for the dignity of the spirit of man against the dehumanizing forces of totalitarian dictatorship
pg 4 – In Ziamiatin’s We , D-503 is sentenced to lobotomy; John the save in Brave New World to madness brought on by loneliness and ostracism Winston Smith in 1984 to a transformation of the individual personality until it embraces all it abhors, a state worse than the effects of lobotomy.
pg 4 – It was only in 1952 that J.MAX Patrick recommended the distinction between the good place as “eutopia” and its opposite, the bad place as “dystopia.”
N.Q Even in 1946 Brave New world when published was an Utopian novel due to the word utopia which mean in a society in the future
pg 6 – In the context of the Soviet experiment of building socialism, Koestler and Orwell were certainly not the first, although they were among the best-known thinkers in the 1940s who decided to show the real face of dictatorship behind the messianic mask.
pg 6 – Maybe one is left frustrated discussing the flaws of socialism because, as Chesterton said of Christianity, it is something that has never been tried yet. Thus, in the case of Stalin’s regime, one could argue that the slogans ostensibly drawing on Marx’s theories of socialism were nothing but a camouflage for Russian nationalism and imperialism, or simply for Stalin’s and his self-serving elite’s thirst for power.
Marx did make the assumption that once the proletariat (industrial workers) came to power and established socialism, the very notion of political and legal mechanisms that had been necessary to resolve conflicts created by the economic injustice inherent in a class society would become superfluous – Frye, anatomy of Criticism 215.
pg 7 – Shocking reversal between high Utopian expectation and deep disillusionment with the Soviet attempt at socialism has been central to the nervous vacillation of the Utopian-dystopian axis of our time.
“The tragedy of our generation […] to have seen false hope” – Camus , Actuelles II , 48 – 52.
pg 7 – We was written in 1920, only three years after the revolution and almost a decade before the Stalinist consolidation of terror, We also projects its writer’s fear of a fully totalitarian rule almost ten years ahead of its realization; undoubtedly, at the time of writing the novel Zamiatin still believed he could warn his contemporaries that such a system could take hold in the future
pg 8 – We must realize that the dystopian novel itself demonstrates the push and pull between Utopian and dystopian perspectives. To a significant extent, each of these novels make us ponder how an originally Utopian promise was abused, betrayed, or , ironically, fulfilled so as to create tragic consequences for humanity .
N.Q ^^^^^^^ Refer this to the USSR socialism effort and also to Animal Farm by George Orwell .
pg 8 – the inner contradiction between Utopian dream and dystopian reality is a significant element of anit-fascist dystopias usch as Jack London’s Iron Heel ( N.Q relate this to HG Well’s Time machine)
pg 9 – Through Marx, Engels and the explication and analysis of their work, socialism became the foundation of one of the most comprehensive and compelling though-systems ever create. The spectacle of this Utopian aspiration buttressed by such a powerful theory turning into dystopian societies of terror and dictatorship produced a veritable onslaught of dystopian fiction of the century.
N.Q Koeslters Darkness at noon and Orwell’s animal farm shows this.
The Deliberate Miscarriage of Justice
pg 10 – We become aware of the duality of law and lawlessness, and the contradiction between advanced technology and a psychologically, spiritually repressively mentality at the heart of the regime.
– Winston’s Trial deprives him of self hood, consciousness, a loyalty, and memory, the value we set on self hood and consciousness are made fully apparent
– Brave new world – Juxtaposes the protagonists belied in individualism with the elite’s ideology, aimed at the elimination of the individual
A BARBARIC STATE RELIGION – NIGHT MARE RELIGION
pg 10-11 The protagonist recognizes that instead of the rule of civilized law and justice, dystopian society functions as a primitive state religion that practices the ritual of human sacrifice.
Oceania – ruled by hatred, fear and treachery
Fahrenheit 451 – by firemen who do not extinguish fires but set fire to books and people
pg 11 – There is a peculiar logic of a mythical, ritualistic way of thinking in dystopian societies, not unlike the logic inherent in obsessive-compulsive disorders in what Freud observed as the coupling between megalomania and paranoia” – Freud the mechanism of Paranoia.
THE DESTRUCTION OF THE INDIVIDUAL’S PRIVATE WORLD.
pg 11 – spirit of a barbaric state religion with advance technologies capable of spreading propaganda and indoctrination by electronic means and through the use of mind-altering drugs. ( Brave new World and 1984 )
N.Q thought police “the few cubic centimeters” of your brain not allowed for feelings emotions etc. #
pg 11 – Zamiatins One state the inhabitants live under a glass dome within ultramodern glass cages
1984 big brother follows you everwhere
Ocenaia, World state and Fahrenheit 451 world and hand mades tale all deny sexual relations or are so dehumanized it is nothing emotional.
N.Q This is because emotions and relationship form loyalties when the state only want loyalties to be formed with the state.
- “Book of Lamentations” – DSM-5 as a Dystopian Novel (madinamerica.com)
- Huxley Got it Right (defendthebook.wordpress.com)
- Utopia? More like a Dystopia. (rebstherebel.wordpress.com)
- The Rebellious Woman in Dystopian Fiction (dystopianvision.wordpress.com)