The Modern Utopia : Huxley and H.G Wells

hg wells and huxley

hg wells and huxley

(notes taken from Brave New World , History science and dystopia)

“In the early 20th century, the vision of a future society unbelievably rich, leisured, orderly, and efficient – a glittering antiseptic world of glass and steel and snow-white concrete- was part of the consciousness of nearly every literate person. Science and technology were developing at a prodigious speed, and it seemed natural to assume that they would go on developing” –George Orwell, 1984, ed Bernard Crick (1949; oxford: Clarendon Press,1984) 319-20.

pg (25) In a 1962 letter to Christopher Collins, Huxley wrote that Wells’s Men Like Gods:

“Annoyed me to the point of planning a parody, but when I started writing I found the idea of a negative Utopia so interesting that I forgot about Wells and launched intoBrave New World.” – Quoted in Chrisopher Collins, Evgenij Zamjatin: An Interpretive Study (The Hague: Mouton, 1973), 41. 

Wells’s Utopian state tries its best to be this perfect society but in doing so it’s mentality is off a brutal regime.

pg (34) Within such a cooperative meritocracy there are no institutions and no recognizable governmental or administrative infrastructure. the last politician in Utopian, Barnstaple is informed, died a thousan years earlier. More ominous, however,is the absence of defective individuals, all of whom have been bred out of the race; this includes not only those of inferior intelligence but those with weak imaginastions, lethargic tendencies, even those susceptible to melancholia or depression. as one of Wells’s Utopians rather disturbinly boast:

Utopia has no parliament, no politics, no private wealth, no business competition, no police nor prisons, no lunatics, no defectives nor cripples. ” – Wells, Men like Gods (80)

Wells’s Scientific state where the education is the government (pg 34)  is a perplexing fusion of liberal, progressivist,socialist, Marxist, and even anarchist notions that Wells specifically dissociates from Marxist-Leninist ideology, or what he customarily refers to as “Bolshevism”

There are five principles of Utopia: Privacy, Free movement, honesty, free discussion or criticism and unlimited knowledge.


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