Monthly Archives: October 2013

I have posted on my wordpress recently as I have been concentrating on my modular assignment however thought I might post what I have been working on here, (aimed at Howard)



pg 292 – We warns against the negative consequences of a number of aspects of the ideology of the Revolution, suggesting that the new socialist state was in danger of descending into totalitarianism

pg 292 – We is centrally informed by a fear of dehumanizing potential of technology and of an excessive insistence on rational solutions to all human problems.

N.Q every moment of the day is regimented by the “table of hours”.

Nobody is one but ‘one of” pg 7

Protagonist is D-503

-pg 293 – Pink coupouns are allowed them to have sex with the partner of their choice – provided that such relations are not allowed to develop into strong emotional attachments.

pg 293- Music is composed according to strictly rational mathematical principles, devoid of all inspiration or feeling.

pg 294 – In point of fact strict state control has stripped poetry of any real power. In a comment on the pressure exerted  on Zamyatin and his fellow writers in post revolutionary Soviet Russia to produce didactic work in the service of the revolution.

pg 294- D-503’s deviation from conformity begins when he is seduced from his mindless obedience to authority through the sexual charms of a subversive woman, the mysterious I-330 (N.Q refer this to 1984) .

pg 294 Transgressive sexuality is thus presented as a form of political rebellion

sounds familiar?

sounds familiar?

pg 295 – Zamyatins treatment of the opposition between rationality and emotion clearly participates in a widespread modern anxiety over the potential dehumanizing effects of increasing regimentation and technologization in the modern world .

pg 296 – Unamity day the chief public holiday derived from Easter, and benefactor  himself is endowed with a godlike aura.

Our only predecessors” (pg 128 we) – D-503 referring to christian

pg 296 – Zamyatins book clearly comments on the politicization of science in the early days of the Soviet Union, and his treatment of issues like sexuality, religion , and culture responds quite directly to debates over those issues in post revolutionary Russia.

download (6)

pg 297 – […] thoroughgoing opposition to Utopian thought of any kinda a strong belief that no society is perfect, that the revolutionary quest for change must never end […] “Revolutions are infinite” (pg 174)


E.M Forster

E.M Forster


“You talk as if a god had made the Machine,” – Kuno

“Imagine, if you can, 

a small room, hexagonal in shape, like the cell of a bee. It is lighted neither by window nor by lamp, yet it is filled with a soft radiance. There are no apertures for ventilation, yet

 the air is fresh. There are no musical instruments, and yet, at the moment that my meditation opens, this room is throbbing with melodious sounds. An armchair is in the centre, by its side a reading-desk-that is all the furniture. And in the armchair there sits a swaddled lump of flesh-a woman, about five feet high, with a face as white as a fungus. It is to her that the little room belongs.” – pg 1 the machine stops“. –  E.M Forster

N.Q – The machine stops is not about a politcal dystopia but just in terms of technology dystopia

pg 149. Machine controls every aspects of human lifem which therefor become mechanical and de humanized.

Each person lives in an isolated cell that is  a sort of a paradise of electronic gadgetry and conveniences but that is also a virtual prison outside of which he or she seldom ventures

pg 149 – Forster’s dystopia is strictly regulated by the instructions contained in the “Book of the machine,” much as life in Zamyatin’s One State is ordered by the Table of Hours.

pg 150. Zamyatin and Forster share a common central source  – the influence of H.G. Wells on Zamyatin is well known, and , as Hillegas points out in his useful discussion of the story, “The machine stops” is also largely a direct response to the technological utopianism of wells (85 – 95)

pg 150 – “humanist fears about the machine – the fear that the machine will lead to the mechanization of human life and finally to the control of human life” (Hillegas 89 )

Also see: Beuchamp (“Technology”); Elkins;Hillegas ; Widdicombe

pg 206. The most direct target of Orwell satire is the descent of the Utopian hopes of the Bolshevik Revolution into the tyranny of Stalinism, making the book a sort of look back at the vents warned against in Zamyatin’s dystopian classic.

pg 207 = Its depiction of Stalin as a drunken pig who betrays Lenin’s revolution, scapegoats Trotsky to cover his own perfidy, Fraternizes with the enemies of Communism, and becomes himself a reincarnation of the tsars is striking.


(Notes taken from Animal farm – Richard I Symer)


pg 11 – The preface reveals two guiding impulses behind the fable. THe more fully stated motive is active and aggressive – to destroy Westerners’ illusions about the Soviet Union (Joseph Stalin) by exposing the falsity of claims that the Soviet Union was a socialist and therefore progressive society

pg 11 – Here it should be pointed out that Marxist-Leninist view of contemporary revolutionary history, the term socialism refers to the penultimate stage of human progress, a period of sociopolitical reorganization and re-education following the collapse of capitalism and bourgeois democracy and preceding the establishment of a full-fledged and permanent communist society.

pg 11 – The only promise that true socialism is permitted to make is to improve society by righting “economic injustice” 

who is who

tsar-nicholas-ii-russia  Farmer Jones is Czar Nicholas II

Karl_Marx Old Major is Marx

download (2) Boxer and Clover are the proletariat

download (3) Napoleon is Joseph Stalin

leon-trotsky Snowball is Leon Trotsky

# Raven Moses is the roman catholic church and Russian Orthodox church

download (4) Squealer is Pravda

245px-Sir_Winston_S_Churchill Farmer Pilkington stands for Churchillian England

hitlerchancellor1 Farmer Frederick is Hitler Germany

(Notes taken from Animal farm – Richard I Symer)


pg 3 – Despite significant theoretical differences not only between communism and the two right wing ideologies of fascism and Nazism but also between the latter two, these systems do share traits important to an understanding of the mood of the thirties, the period of orwells political education

pg 3 – In place of ministerial caution and parliamentary debate, the new parties offered quick , forceful action – action often not hampered by constitutional or legal niceties- to restore order.

pg 4 – (carries on from last point) Extremest movements – revolutionary rather than reformist, rigidly doctrinaire, anti-pluralist, and hostile to compromise. Hostile, too, to Christianity, they came to be regarded as secular religions offering their followers a discipline, a philosophy, and a cause for which to live and die

pg 4 – […] capitalist economic system with which which it was associated seemed to be entering the final stage of its decline. Increasingly import were various non communist forms of socialism, and one in particular – Fabian socialism- exercised a marked influence on the policies and programs of the British Labor party […] included such popular and articulate figures as H.G. Wells.

pg 7 [Animal farm was] Banned in the soviet union and Eastern European countries except Yugoslavia, Animal farm has circulated in prohibited areas in form of illegal samizdat editions. – help with draft essays

11 am – 1pm temple next to the IT desk level 2

Layout set


  1. Title page
  2. contents list
  3. appendices
  4. the reference list
  5. bibliography
  6. Chapters and sections
  7. page numbers
  8. Figures and table captions
  9. nomenclature list


  • Varying font styles
  • left and right margins : 15 -20mm
  • Top and Bottom : 25-30 mm
  • 11 Point minimum font
  • line spacing : 1.5
  • Justified text